How To Estimate Home Value And Challenge Assessed Property Value

Estimating the value of a home can be an important part of budgeting for homeowners. Understanding how local governments calculate assessed values, as well as the differences between appraisals and fair market value can help homeowners better understand what their home is worth. Additionally, knowing how to challenge an assessed property value can help protect against overpaying on taxes or other fees associated with owning a property.

What is Assessed Value?

The assessed value of a home or property is the dollar amount assigned to it by a local government for tax purposes. The assessed value is typically based on the estimated market value of the home. It's important to note that the assessed value is not the same as the appraised value or the fair market value.

The appraised value of a property is an opinion of worth, usually determined by a professional appraiser. The fair market value is what a willing buyer would pay and a willing seller would accept for a property, assuming both parties are knowledgeable, informed, and acting in their own best interests.

While the assessed value, appraised value, and fair market value of a property can all be different amounts, they are all important in different ways. The assessed value is used to calculate taxes, the appraised value can be used in insurance and mortgage decisions, and the fair market value is what you could expect to sell or buy a property for on the open market.

How do Local Governments Calculate Assessed Values?

Local governments use a variety of factors to calculate assessed values. These include the size and condition of a house, its location, as well as any improvements made on it. Additionally, they will compare the estimated market value of your home to similar properties in the area in order to get an accurate assessment. This process typically takes place once or twice per year depending on where you live and can be used for tax purposes as well as other fees associated with owning property.

How to Calculate Your Property Tax Liability

Homeowners can calculate their property tax liability by inputting the property assessed value into an Indiana property tax calculator. You'll need to know the county and township your property is in. It's also important to research any tax exemptions that may apply to your home, as this could affect the amount of taxes you're responsible for paying.

How is Assessed Value Different than Other Home Values?

When it comes to your home, its value is important – but there are a lot of different factors that can affect what that value actually is. Two common terms you might hear are “assessed value” and “fair market value” – but what do they mean, and how are they different?

The assessed value of a property is an estimate of the market value of a home, as determined by a licensed appraiser. This is typically based on a comparison of similar homes in the area. On the other hand, the fair market value is the price a buyer is willing to pay and a seller is willing to accept for a property, assuming both parties are acting in their own best interests. The fair market value is ultimately what most buyers use as their limit when purchasing a home.

So, why is the assessed value important? Well, it’s often used by insurance companies to help determine premiums, and it can also be used by municipalities to calculate property taxes. In some cases, the assessed value may be used as evidence in court cases involving the sale or purchase of a property.

As such, it’s important to understand what the assessed value is and how it might affect your home purchase or sale.

How to Challenge an Assessed Property Value

Typically homes are assessed for below fair market value. If you believe your home has been assessed incorrectly, there are steps you can take to challenge the value. First and foremost, it's important to ensure that all relevant documentation is in order before beginning the process. This includes any evidence of renovations or improvements made on the property as well as comparable sale prices for similar properties in your area.

Once you have gathered all necessary documents, contact your local assessor’s office to discuss filing an appeal. Most offices will provide information on how to file a formal objection and may even offer assistance with gathering additional data or paperwork required for the appeal process. In some cases, they may even reconsider the assessment without requiring a formal appeal if sufficient evidence is provided that shows their initial assessment was inaccurate.


Estimating the value of a home is an important step for budgeting and planning purposes. Knowing how to estimate market value and understand how local governments calculate assessed values can help ensure you’re paying the right amount in taxes, as well as give you a better idea of your home's worth when considering selling or refinancing. Additionally, understanding how to challenge an assessed property value can be beneficial if that assessment appears inaccurate or unfair.

At Dauby Real Estate, we are dedicated to providing our clients with the latest information on all types of real estate transactions. Whether you are looking to buy, sell, or assess your home's value, our professionals can help guide you through the process. Contact us today for more information about local Southwest Indiana property values.

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